Cedde’ TOEFL VOCABS

A

act, ag

  • react(verb): to act in response to something
    • re + act
    • How did he react when he heard the news?
  • agent(noun): something which acts or acts upon something elseag

+

ent

    • The travel agent helped her purchase the tickets.
  • active(adjective): involving movement, moving about
    • act + ive
    • Joan is an active child.
  • agitate(verb): to excite, to disturb, to stir up
    • agit + ate
    • The washing machine agitates the load of laundry.

aud, audit, aur

  • audible( adjective): can be heard
    • aud + ible
    • Your voice is barely audible over the sound of the train whistle.
  • auditorium(noun): a place where one goes to hear something
    • audit+ orium
    • The band played in the school auditorium
  • auricular
    • aur + ic + ul + ar
    • The auricular ability of the cat is well-known.

am, ami

  • amorous(adjective): loving
    • amor + ous
    • The actor played an amorous role.
  • amiable(adjective) friendly, agreeable
    • ami + able
    • He seems to be an amiable man.
  • amicable(adjective): friendly
    • amic + able
    • The two neighbors came to an amicable decision about the fence.

anim

  • animal(noun): a living creature
    • anim + al
    • A dog is an animal.
  • animate(verb): to give spirit or support, to supply movement
    • anim + ate
    • The artist animated the cartoon.
  • animosity(noun): hostility, ill will
    • animos + ity
    • There isn’t any animosity between us.

ann, annu, enni

  • annals (noun): record of events, historical records
    • ann + al + s
    • The annals of the organization are kept in notebooks.
  • annual(adjective): yearly
    • annu + al
    • She is planning on going to the company’s annual meeting.
  • annuity(noun): money payable yearly
    • annu + ity
    • Joan is going to invest her annuity in the stock market.
  • anniversary(noun): the yearly celebration of an event
    • anni + vers + ary
    • John’s parents will celebrate their wedding anniversary in April.
  • perennial(adjective): enduring, persisting for several years
    • per + enn + ial
    • I would like to buy some perennial plants.

auc, aug, aut

  • author (noun): one that originates or creates, a writer
    • auth + or
    • Susan met the author of this book.
  • augment(verb): to increase, to add to
    • aug + ment
    • He had to augment his salary by taking another job.
  • auction(noun): a sale of goods to the highest bidder
    • auct + ion
    • I bought this car at the auction.

B

bene biblio

  • benevolent
  • benign (adjective): harmless, mild, gentle
    • The doctor removed a benign tumor from my neck and I went home the same day.

 brev + ity

  • bibliography

 

  • biology

 

  • brief
  • abbreviate(verb): to shorten
    • How does one abbreviate the word “Minnesota”?
  • brevity(noun): short or concise expression
    • The politician gave short speeches and he became known for his brevity.

C

cad, cap, cas, ceiv, cept, cid

  • deceive (verb): to cause or allow someone to believe something is true when it is actually false; to mislead
    • de + ceive
    • The criminal deceived many people into believing she was honest.
  • capable(adjective): having the ability to do something; having the traits necessary to perform some action
    • cap + able
    • Jose is a very capable lawyer.
  • capacious (adective): containing a great deal
    • capac + ious
    • You have a capacious library with many unusual books.
  • captive (noun, adjective): a person held against his or her own will; held prisoner
    • cap+ tive
    • The captives were taken to the jail.
    • Geoff had a captive audience.
  • accident(noun): an unplanned event
    • ac + cid + ent
    • Don’t get upset about minor accidents and errors.
  • capture (verb): to gain control of, to gain by effort
    • capt + ure
    • In the game of chess, the object is to capture the king.
  • occasion(noun): an opportunity; a happening, instance or celebration
    • oc + cas + ion
    • Did you have an occasion to speak with your professor?
  • receive(verb): to take in, to acquire
    • re + ceive
    • Imelda received many letters in the mail today.
  • concept(noun): an idea
    • con + cept
    • The concept of using computers in the classroom is relatively new.

ceas, cede, ceed, cess

  • predecessor (noun): a person who has previously occupied a position that another has taken over
    • pre + de + cess + or
    • I hope I can live up to my predecessor’s reputation.
  • succeed (verb): to follow after another, to do well
    • suc + ceed
    • To succeed as a student, one must study.
  • recede (verb): to move back, to withdraw
    • re + cede
    • The water receded five days after the flood.
  • concede (verb): to accept as true, to yield, to allow
    • con + cede
    • I conceded to her point of view.
  • exceed (verb): to go beyond a limit, to be greater than
    • ex + ceed
    • The driver exceeded the speed limit by ten miles an hour.
  • recess (noun): an indentation, a temporary break
    • re + cess
    • The children were given a recess from the lessons.
  • deceased (adjective): dead
    • de + ceas + ed
    • The deceased person will be cremated rather than buried.

chron

  • chronic(adjective): marked by a long period of time, recurrence
    • chron + ic
    • Gabrielle has a chronic back disorder and cannot lift heavy objects.
  • chronicle (noun): a historical account arranged in order of time
    • chron + icle
    • The teacher asked us to read a chronicle on the Revolutionary War.
  • chronological (adjective): arranged in order of time
    • chrono + log + ical
    • The text book listed the presidents in chronological order.

clam, claim

  • acclaim(verb): praise
    • ac + claim
    • The restaurant is acclaimed for its desserts.
  • exclaim (verb): to speak loudly, to cry out in surprise
    • ex + claim
    • The children exclaimed “hurray” when they heard there would be no classes tomorrow.
  • clamor (noun, verb): n. noise, v. to make noise
    • clam + or
    • The children clamored for more ice cream.
  • proclaim (verb): to declare loudly
    • pro + claim
    • The president of the university proclaimed March 21 to be a holiday in honor of the school’s award winning faculty.

cogn, gnos

  • cognizant(adjective): aware
    • cogniz + ant
    • The man was cognizant of the danger of walking through the park at night.
  • diagnose (verb): to recognize (diseases) by symptoms
    • dia + gnose
    • The patient was diagnosed with Lyme’s disease.
  • agnostic (noun): one who believes that any ultimate reality is unknowable
    • ag + gnost + ic
    • John is unsure of the reality of god and considers himself to be an agnostic.
  • recognize (verb): to know, to identify
    • re + cogn + ize
    • I thought I recognized your face from somewhere.

corp

  • corpse (noun): a dead body
    • corpse
    • A corpse was found floating in the river.
  • corpulent (adjective): having a large body
    • corp + ul + ent
    • The corpulent politician jabbed a fat finger in the air.
  • incorporate (verb): to unite into one being
    • in + corp + or + ate
    • The artist incorporated paint, photographs, and fabric into her artwork.
  • corporate (adjective): formed into a body or association, united in one group
    • corp + or + ate
    • The corporate structure allowed many people to work as a group.

cre, cresc, cret

  • crescent(noun, adjective): a narrow curved shape; a quarter moon or smaller
    • cresc + ent
    • The crescent moon could be glimpsed through the clouds.
  • create (verb): to originate, to produce through imagination
    • cre + ate
    • The musician created a new musical arrangement.
  • accretion (verb): growth by gradual addition
    • ac + cret + ion
    • The accretion of dirt on windows is sometimes hard to detect.
  • increase (verb): to grow in size or amount
    • in + crease Alfonse wishes he could find a way to increase his salary.

cred

  • credible(adjective): can be believed, reasonable
    • cred + ible
    • The witness gave a credible account of the accident.
  • credulous (adjective): too ready to believe
    • cred + ul + ous
    • The credulous child believed the story about flying horses.
  • incredible (adjective): unbelievable, amazing
    • in + cred + ible
    • Makiko said she just saw an incredible horror movie.

cour, cur, curr, curs

  • excursion(noun): a trip
    • ex + curs + ion
    • The father planned an excursion to the zoo for his children.
  • discourse (noun, verb): a conversation, to talk
    • dis + course
    • The discourse between the speaker and the audience was informal.
  • courier (noun): a messenger
    • couri + er
    • The courier gave the message to the secretary.
  • course (noun, verb): forward movement, movement from point to point; to run along a path
    • course
    • Blood courses through your veins with every beat of your heart.
  • occur (verb): to happen, to come to mind
    • oc + cur
    • It just occurred to me that tomorrow is your birthday.
  • current (adjective, noun): happening now, up to date; the movement of water
    • curr + ent
    • Is this information current or out of date?

D

dic, dict, dit

  • dictionary (noun): a book of definitions
    • dict + ion + ary
    • Juliana looked up the word in the dictionary.
  • condition (noun): the state of something or someone
    • con + dit + ion
    • Is your car in good condition?
  • indicate (verb): to show, to point out
    • in + dic + ate
    • The gas gauge indicates that we are almost out of gas.
  • dictate (verb): to speak for a person to record, to issue an order
    • dict + ate
    • The lawyer dictated the letter to her secretary.
  • predict (verb): to say what will happen in the future
    • pre + dict
    • Joseph predicts that he will get married in ten years.
  • addict (verb): to be devoted to something in an obsessive manner
    • ad + dict
    • Leslie is addicted to betting on the horse races.

doc, doct

  • doctor(noun): a person who has received the highest degree a university offers, a physician
    • doct + or
    • Andre is going to medical school so that he can be a doctor like his mother.
  • doctrine (noun): something that is taught, dogma
    • doctr + ine
    • We learned about the doctrine of “manifest destiny” in our American history class.
  • docile (adjective): obedient, easily taught
    • doc + ile
    • Mrs. Galindez wants to buy a docile dog for her son.
  • document (noun): an official paper
    • docu + ment
    • The library houses many government documents in its collection.

dog, dox

  • orthodox (adjective): holding conventional beliefs
    • ortho + dox
    • I don’t know if my interpretation of that book is orthodox or not.
  • dogma (noun): an established opinion
    • dog + ma
    • Some people find the dogma associated with that organization disturbing.
  • paradox (noun): a statement that seems to contradict itself but contains some truth
    • para + dox
    • The paradox of the matter is that I want to see the opera but I also want to stay home.

dec, dign

  • decorate(verb): to make something look attractive or suitable
    • dec + or + ate
    • Linda decorated her apartment with paintings and plants.
  • decent (adjective): conforming to standards, good, kind
    • dec + ent
    • This magazine contains a decent article on home improvement.
  • dignity (noun): quality of being worthy, noble, honored
    • dign + ity
    • I haven’t yet had the dignity and honor of being grand marshall of the parade.

duc, duct

  • conduct (verb, noun): v. to lead or guide, n. a person’s behavior
    • con + duct
    • Jared was conducted into the doctor’s office by the nurse.
    • Arnelle’s conduct was inexcusable and she should apologize to the class.
  • educate(verb): to train, to provide schooling for
    • e + duc + ate
    • The school tries to educate its students to be productive members of society.
  • induct (verb): to install in office or to enroll in military service
    • in + duct
    • Mindy was inducted into the army last month.
  • deduct (verb): to subtract
    • de + duct
    • The salesperson deducted five dollars off the purchase price of the radio.
  • deduce (verb): to make a decision or draw a conclusion by reasoning
    • de + duce
    • I deduced from the trail of crumbs and the empty milk carton that the children were home.
  • produce (verb, noun): to bring forward, to make to bear or yield; something made or grown
    • pro + duce
    • The lawyer produced new evidence at the trial.
    • The produce from the farm will go to the market next week.
  • seduce(verb): to persuade (especially into doing something wrong), to tempt
    • se + duce
    • Money and power have been known to seduce many honest people.
  • induce(verb): to persuade, cause, or bring about by artificial means.
    • in + duce
    • If a child swallows poison, it is suggested that vomiting should be induced.

E

ev, et

  • eternal(adjective): not effected by time, without beginning or end, ceaseless
    • etern + al
    • The lecture seemed eternal and many in the audience had fallen asleep.
  • medieval (adjective): relating to the Middle Ages (500 – 1500 AD)
    • med + ieval
    • There are many styles to medieval architecture and a building built in 500 AD looks different from one built in 1000 AD.

F

fict, feign, fain

  • faint(adjective, verb): indistinct, not clearly perceived, weak; to lose consciousness from lack of blood to the brain
    • faint
    • There is a faint odor of apples in this room.
    • Some people faint at the sight of blood.
  • feign (verb): to pretend
    • feign
    • The child feigned illness in an attempt to avoid the test.
  • fiction (noun): something produce from imagination, an invented story
    • fict + ion
    • The excuse Marvin just gave for not doing his homework is pure fiction.

fig

  • effigy (noun): a figure representing a disliked person.
    • e f + fig + y
    • The children made an effigy of their nasty neighbor.
  • figure (noun): shape, pattern, drawing
    • fig + ure
    • The figure Louise drew on the paper looks nothing like an apple.
  • figment (noun): a thing that does not exist, something made up
    • fig + ment
    • Ghosts and monsters are figments of an active imagination.

fac, fact, fec, fic, fas, fea

  • fashion(noun, verb): the form of something, style; to give shape or form to
    • fash + ion
    • The current fashion is hair worn short.
  • feasible(adjective): capable of being done
    • feas + ible
    • The engineer thought that building the bridge across the river was a feasible project.
  • feature(noun, verb): the appearance or form of a person or object; to picture or portray
    • feat + ure
    • Lisette’s best feature is her eyes.
  • factory(noun): a place where things are made or built
    • fact + ory
    • There is a boat factory near the river.
  • difficult (adjective): hard to do, troublesome, hard to understand
    • di + fic + ult
    • The test was difficult and I answered only eight of the ten questions.
  • fact (noun): something known to be true
    • fact
    • It’s a fact that the world is round.
  • effect (noun): a change caused by something, a result, influence
    • e + fect
    • The sun’s effect on human skin is known to be harmful.

fer

  • fertile(adjective): productive, bearing or capable of bearing fruit in large quantities
    • fert + ile
    • The land by the river is quite fertile and many crops are grown there.
  • refer (verb): to classify within a general category, to send or direct to another source
    • re + fer
    • The patient was referred to a physical therapist for additional treatment.
  • infer (verb): to come to a conclusion from facts or ideas, to guess
    • in + fer
    • Sometimes a reader has to infer from the facts presented in an article what the main idea is about.

fid

  • diffident (adjective): hesitant in acting, shy
    • dif + fid + ent
    • The diffident student would not speak in front of the class.
  • fidelity (noun): the quality of being faithful, accuracy
    • fid + el + ity
    • The fidelity of this video reproduction is quite good.
  • confide (verb): to trust, to trust another person with a secret
    • con + fide
    • Joan confided in her friend and told her a secret.

flu, fluct, flux

  • fluent (adjective): capable of moving with ease, able to speak another language
    • flu + ent
    • The dancer had a fluent body.
    • Juanita is fluent in several languages.
  • superfluous (adjective): extra, more than is needed
    • super + flu + ous
    • Three cherries on my piece of cake is superfluous; I only needed one.
  • influence (verb, noun): to have an effect on something; the ability to affect something indirectly
    • in + flu + ence
    • It was John’s success as a musician that influenced my decision to take guitar lessons.
  • fluid (adjective): capable of flowing, a smooth style, liquid
    • flu + id
    • The ink my new pen is quite fluid and flows evenly across the page.
  • fluctuate (verb): to shift back and forth, to move erratically
    • fluctu + ate
    • My body temperature has been fluctuating all day — sometimes I’m hot and sometimes I’m cold.

form fract, frag, frai

  • format
  • formulate (verb): to prepare from a set of steps (formula), to devise
    • The chemist formulated a new way of making dish detergent.

 

  • fracture (verb, noun): to break, to crack; a broken bone
    • fract + ure Miguel fractured his arm while skiing.
  • fragment (noun): a piece broken off, a part of something
    • frag + ment
    • It bothers me that I can remember only a fragment of the poem rather than the whole piece.
  • frail (adjective): easily broken, not strong
    • frail
    • Be careful! That chair is frail

G

gen, gin

  • generally(adverb): in a general manner, usually, with regard to the whole not specifics
    • gen + er + al + ly
    • Generally, Lance leaves work at 5:00 p.m.
  • gingerly (adverb, adjective): careful
    • gin + ger + ly
    • Paulette picked up the antique vase gingerly and placed it on the shelf.
  • indigenous (adjective): native, having been born in a specific area or environment
    • in + di + gen + ous
    • The tomato plant is indigenous to South America.

ge de + gree

  • geography

 

  • categorize

 

  • grade (noun): a stage in a process, a mark indicating quality
    • Ali hopes to receive a passing grade on his midterm exam.
  • progress (verb, noun): to move forward; forward movement
    • Mina progressed to the next level in her French language program.
    • There hasn’t been much progress made in getting the house built — only the frame is up.
  • degree (noun): a step or stage in a process, a rank, a level of intensity
    • There is a high degree of stress associated with being a police officer.

graph, graf H

  • graphic
  • graffitti (noun): drawings or writing on a wall
    • Many people find the graffitti on the subway trains disturbing.

 

her, hes

  • adhere (verb): to stick
    • ad + here
    • Paper often adheres to wet surfaces.
  • hesitate (verb): to hold back a decision, to waver
    • hesit + ate
    • Don’t hesitate to call me if you need help.

J

jac, ject, jet re + ject

  • adjacent
  • jettison (verb): to throw away, to cast off
    • The captain of the sinking ship jettisoned the cargo.
  • reject(verb): to throw out, unwilling to accept
    • David was rejected by two schools before he found a school that accepted him.

jug, junct, just

to be continue, Umma’ Selleng…

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